The Arctic US federal state is the largest in terms of area and at the same time the most northerly and westernmost state of the United States, with an area of 1,717,854 square kilometers (of which 1,481,346 square kilometers is land). With only 710,231 inhabitants Alaska only 0.22 percent of the total population.
In 1867, Alaska was sold to the United States for $ 7.2 million from the Russian Empire, since 1959 the area is the 49 federal state. Alaska’s nickname is “the Last Frontier”.
Alaska consists of a mountain range along the Pacific coast, the Yukon lowlands and the coastal plain at the Arctic Ocean. The largest river is the Yukon River, which rises in the Canadian Rocky Mountains.
Alaska is home to the highest mountain in North America, Denali (formerly Mount McKinley) at 6190 meters.
Alaska’s capital is Juneau with 31,275 inhabitants. By far the largest city is Anchorage with 291,826 inhabitants. Other important cities are Fairbanks and College.
In Alaska, eight areas are designated as national parks, most of the visitors have the Denali National Park.
Alaska is one of the most economically successful states in the United States. Sources are the wealth of oil resources. In contrast to other countries, the profits from the oil business are managed by the Alaska Permanent Fund and are largely distributed to the residents.
Other economic factors are the wood and paper industry, gold, silver, copper, lead and iron, and coal. Likewise the fishing and fur farming.
Further up-to-date information is available at http://alaska.gov/ and http://www.alaskausa.de/