Life in Canada

The Life in Canada page provides a brief introduction to Canadian life and society.

Canada, the summit of the Americas, your flanks are bordered by the two great oceans, your summit reaches the Arctic ice and your humble name is that of a giant.

– Berthe de Tremaudan, Canadian poet.

Deciding to come to Canada is a big decision. Take time to discover the provinces and territories of Canada to determine which one suits you best.

Canadian provinces and territories

  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Manitoba
  • New Brunswick
  • New Scotland
  • Nunavut
  • Ontario
  • Quebec
  • Saskatchewan
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Northwest Territories
  • Yukon

About Canadian Geography

Canada is the northernmost country in the Americas and the second largest country in the world. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Arctic Ocean to the north and the United States of America (USA) to the south. It covers a total area of nearly ten million square kilometers (9,984,670 km²). To put this in perspective, Canada could contain 18 times a country the size of France or 40 times the United Kingdom and has six time zones. Canada also has the longest coastline of any country.

About the Canadian Political System

Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy with two levels: federal and provincial. Responsibilities and powers are shared between federal and provincial executive authorities. Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) is a department of the Government of Canada.

About the Canadian Economy

Canada ranks among the top 10 countries in the import-export sector. Most of Canada’s manufacturing industry is located in the provinces of Ontario and Quebec. Other major manufacturing sectors in Canada include agri-food, paper and related products, primary metals, metal products, petrochemicals, and chemicals. Western Canada, particularly the province of Alberta, is experiencing a booming economy in the oil and gas sectors.

About the Canadian School System

Canada has both a public and private education system. From kindergarten to university, the Canadian government subsidizes much of the financial burden of educating its young talents.

About the Canadian Health System

Canada has a public health care system that makes intensive care available to all Canadian citizens and permanent residents. Although healthcare systems are managed by provincial ministries of health, the federal government sets health care standards across the country.

About Canadian Culture

With only 35 million people, the country is a modest nation compared to its densely populated southern neighbor. There are over 200 distinct cultures in Canada. In fact, the nation is often defined as a “cultural mosaic” and has a great mix of people from diverse backgrounds from almost everywhere in the world. Canada encourages its people to keep their traditions and culture closely. Approximately two-fifths of the country’s population originates from sources other than French or British.

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