A Canadian employer who wants to hire a foreign worker has must first receive government approval before hiring.
This approval is in the form of a Labor Market Impact Study (LMIA), formerly known as the Labor Market Study (LMIA).
It must be clear, among other things, that there is no qualified Canadian for the position in question and that the foreign worker will receive a salary and benefits in accordance with federal and provincial standards.
Foreign workers who are paid below the provincial median wage are considered low-wage workers. Those who are paid above are considered to be high wages.
In addition, employers can be inspected to ensure they comply with government regulations after the employee has started working in Canada.
Transition plans are designed to ensure that employers use foreign workers in accordance with program objectives. This implies that they use the program as a last resort to meet immediate needs when qualified Canadians are not available and to ensure that Canadians are the first to whom the available position is offered.
Certain occupations in Quebec are eligible for “simplified processing”, which means that employers do not have to demonstrate recruitment efforts as part of their requests to hire temporary foreign workers for the targeted occupations. For more information on temporary work permits in Quebec, see the list of occupations eligible for simplified processing.
Medians hourly wages by province/territory Canada
|Province / Territory||Salaries as of April 29, 2017|
|British Columbia||$ 22.50|
|New Brunswick||$ 18.90|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||$ 20.31|
|Northwest Territories||$ 32.00|
|New Scotland||$ 19.49|
|Prince Edward Island||$ 18.44|
An EIMT is provided in a standard of 10 working days for workers in the following occupational categories:
- The most popular occupations
The 10-day service standard in this category is limited to skilled trades for which the salary offered is equal to or greater than the provincial or territorial median salary. These positions are critical to the development of large infrastructure and natural resource extraction projects and are therefore considered essential to Canadian economic growth.
- The highest paid occupations
- Limited Time Jobs
The 10-day standard for this category is limited to employers wishing to hire temporary foreign workers for a short-term, defined as 120 days or less, in an occupation where the salary offered is equal to or greater than the provincial or territorial median salary. Occupations in this category include those related to the repair or maintenance of manufacturing equipment.
After receiving a positive EIMT, the employer must send a copy to the foreign worker in question. The positive EIMT must be included in the temporary worker’s work permit application. A single EIMT may be issued for one or more employees. In the case of multiple employees, the EIMT will only be issued to employees for whom identical positions are filled, as defined by the National Occupational Classification.