Nunavut is a territory in northern Canada. The territory is mainly administered by the state and gives the Inuit people living their special rights.
In addition to the official languages English and French, Inuktitut and Inuinnaqtun are also official languages in Nunavut. The capital Iqaluit is located on the Baffin Island.
Nunavut is sparsely populated, with 2,093,190 square kilometers of land losing just 37,082 inhabitants (as of 2016), or 0.02 people per square kilometer. Nunavut covers about one-fifth of Canada’s national territory. Very large parts of Nunavut are designated as national parks. Trekking expeditions are possible with a tour guide and must be registered with Parks Canada.
Caribou and musk ox are still of great importance to humans today. In addition, there are polar bears, arctic wolves, wolverines, arctic foxes, polar hares, lemmings and squirrels on land. Nunavut is populated by many birds, so you can find the rare Ger.- and peregrine falcons.
There is a great wealth of life in the waters. Fish, various whale species such as bowhead whales, narwhals, and belugas, as well as various seal species are to be found.
Nunavut has large deposits of lead, silver, zinc, petroleum, natural gas and diamonds. So far, however, not much remains in the population, rather, the profit goes to multinationals. Here, Canada will have to watch out for the negative impact on the fragile nature of the Arctic region. There is still much to be done for the population. Inuit art and handicrafts play a major role in value creation, but there is still a lot of poverty and lack of prospects, which are reflected in illness and early death.
Nunavut’s motto is (Our Country, Our Strength).
Further up-to-date information is available at www.gov.nu.ca