Jasper National Park is one of the highlights of every tour of Western Canada. Its imposing mountain peaks, crystal-clear lakes, dense fir forests, and glaciers, which almost reach the track, mark the largest National Park of the Northern Rocky, which is also part of the UNESCO “Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks” World Heritage. Jasper National Park’s unique alpine mountains cover an area of 10,800 square kilometers west of Edmonton and northeast of Vancouver, in the Canadian province of Alberta.
The national park was founded in 1907. As a name patron Jasper Hawes, who maintained a base in the region for the North West Company. As a starting point to discover the beauty and originality of the territory, Jasper offers. The town is located in the middle of the national park and is easily accessible via the Yellowhead Highway. The area is 1,062 meters above sea level and originated from a former fur trading post of the Hudson Bay Company. Visitors can learn about the history of the National Park at the Jasper-Yellowhead Museum.
The territory is accessed through the Icefield Parkway. The route is one of the most beautiful scenic roads in the world and runs between Lake Louise and Jasper. Jasper National Park is famous for its diverse and rich wildlife. Wapiti, black bear, moose, lynx or wolves are native to it. In the valley of the Maligne River, you might come across forest caribou.
The biggest attraction of the National Park is the Columbia Icefield. The impressive relic of the last ice age covered the entire valley 100 years ago. Today, the years on the signs along the Icefield Parkway illustrate the dramatic decline in ice masses. The Columbia Icefield Center offers guided tours of the bizarre ice world.
Maligne Lake is considered the largest lake in the Rocky Mountains and is fed by the waters of the glaciers. A boat trip leads to the picturesque island of Spirit Island, which has become a landmark of the Canadian Rocky. Legendary is Medicine Lake, whose water level is constantly changing. One of the highlights of a stay in Jasper National Park is bathing in the heated springs of Miette. There are two jacuzzis and a poolside cafe available to visitors. Skier moves to Marmot Basin. A 900-meter long track leaves nothing to be desired.
From Jasper on short distances to reach is also the Mount Edith Cavell. The 3,363-meter mountain giant was named after the executed in World War I nurse Edith Cavell. She had helped British, French and Belgian prisoners of war flee to the neutral Netherlands during the German invasion of Belgium. In 1915 she was executed as a spy by the German occupying forces. A gondola lift leads to the 2,285-meter-high Whistlers Mountain. In favorable weather, the view extends to Mount Robson, the highest point in the Rocky Mountains.
Jasper National Park highlights
- the highest mountain in Alberta, Mount Columbia at 3747m
- North America’s hydrographic peak (in the area of the Columbia Icefields), where from one point of water flows into three oceans (Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean)
- the longest underground drainage system is known in Canada (the Maligne Valley Karst)
- the northern tree line of the Douglas Fir in Alberta (Brûlé Lake)
Did you know that …
- Jasper National Park protects over 10,800 sq km of the Rocky Mountain ecosystem, which offers a variety of wildlife, plants, rivers, lakes, glaciers and grandiose mountains.
- Jasper National Park has over 1,200 km of trails with stunning waterfalls and colorful mountain meadows?
- Jasper National Park is one of four national parks (Jasper, Banff, Yoho, and Kootenay) and three BC (British Columbia) Provincial Parks (Mount Robson, Hamber, Mount Assiniboine), which together make up the “Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks” World Heritage Site?
- On September 14, 1907, the then government founded the Jasper Forest Park with a total area of over 13,000 square kilometers?
- In 1930 the Jasper Forest Park was finally declared National Park (Jasper National Park) with just over 10,000 sq km area?
- the Icefields Parkway, Highway 93, on a total of 230km from Jasper to Lake Louise, always follows the shadow of the Great Watershed?
- the largest glacier lake (glacier-fed lake) in Jasper National Park can be found? Maligne Lake is 22km long and up to 97m deep.
- In 1916, “Mount Edith Cavell” was named in honor of a brave British nurse who helped refugees escape to German-occupied Belgium in the First World War.