The Glacier National Park in the Rocky Mountains, southern British Columbia, covers an area of 1,350 square kilometers. The national park is characterized by steep mountains, narrow valleys, and numerous glaciers. Glacier National Park includes the glaciated Selkirk Mountains and the Purcell Mountains. The Nakimu Cave is part of the Park’s unique cave system. With nearly 6km of explored cave trails, it is one of the ten largest cave systems in Canada. The mountain ranges of the Selkirk and Purcell Mountains, part of the Columbia Mountains, was formed 200 million years ago. At that time, the eastward-packed sedimentary layers unfolded, broke into two blocks and were pushed over each other for more than 50 kilometers. This created the impressive edgy mountain ranges. Then huge glacial glaciers created the landscape and created the broad U-valleys with steep cliffs, as well as countless large and small lakes. Even today, the glaciers are growing annually due to the heavy snowfalls in winter, which bring about 15m per year fresh snow.
In 1910 the park, where the first white settlers settled in 1892, was declared a national park. Previously, many generations of Indians had crossed the terrain, which was mainly as a hunting area, but also as a sacred place.
Animals and plants in Glacier National Park
Glacier National Park is home to numerous mammals that are typical of the area. Among other things, visitors have the opportunity to observe moose, raccoons, mountain goats or even black bears in their natural environment. With a little luck, you might even see grizzly bears or mountain lions. There are also 200 species of birds in Glacier National Park, most of the waterfowl. In addition to the hummingbird or sea and grebe divers, fish, stone, and bald eagles have become native to the region.
Due to the warm, humid Pacific air masses, there is significantly more precipitation on the west side of Glacier National Park than on the east side. Therefore, in the west to a height of about 1,800 meters diverse dense forests with pines, larches or trees of life can be found. In the east, on the other hand, only sparse coniferous forests and dry prairie landscapes grow.
Activities in Glacier National Park
Also in search of sporting activities, visitors to the Glacier National Park get their money’s worth. So there are several hundred kilometers of hiking trails here. About 60 campsites offer accommodation to visitors in the park. If you want to explore the waterways on your own, you can rent a boat in Many Glacier or at Lake McDonald Lodge. The Flathead River Middle Fork on the western boundary of the park is used by many locals and tourists for rafting with inflatable boats. In addition, the Glacier National Park is a paradise for anglers, after all, here are a total of 22 species of a fish native. Fishing requires a license, which can be obtained from the park management.
Did you know that …
- the precipitous, rugged mountains, warm humid climate and a great variety of plants and animals are the typical things about this region?
- Glacier National Park is a unique habitat for ancient Cedar and Hemlock firs as well as endangered wildlife such as the mountain caribou, the mountain goat, and the grizzly bear?
- the Glacier National Park is Canada’s second oldest national park?
- every summer, the Glacier National Park and the Mount Revelstoke are given jobs in the campgrounds, in the Visitor Center, in the Administration?
- Visitors to the park can find ski resorts including alpine tubs and ice fields with runs of more than 1500m?
- From mid-May to early June is the best time to see bears in the park?
- to be allowed to camp in remote areas of Glacier National Park? But you need a wilderness pass. Each of these places has extra storage tents and storage tubes to store food out of the reach of bears.
- There are four cabins in remote areas in Glacier National Park in different price ranges where you can live? The Wilderness Pass already covers part of the costs. The ascent to three of the huts is dangerous and you need mountaineering experience to get there.
- the summer months of July and September and the winter months of December and February are the most suitable months for leisure activities such as hiking, walking, picnicking, camping, cross-country skiing, alpine skiing and snowshoeing?
- Glacier National Park is located in the Columbia Mountains, one of Canada’s harshest landscapes?