Flora & Fauna in Canada

Flora & Fauna

Canada – unique flora and a fauna of impressive wildness

Canada has areas of unspoiled nature in gigantic proportions. Dense forests, tundra and prairie landscapes, and the Rocky Mountains massif cover more than half of Canada’s 417 million hectares. These natural areas have an incredible biodiversity of flora and wild fauna. The forests have grown over thousands of years and, together with earth, water and air, form an ecosystem that also gives rare plants and animals a habitat. The sugar maple leaf, which produces the natural phenomenon of the Indian summer in autumn with its golden yellow discoloration in eastern Canada, symbolizes the North American state on the Canadian flag. In western Canada live two of Canada’s most impressive creatures of fauna, the Orca (Orcinus orca) and the Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctus Horribilis). In quiet seclusion and in harmony with nature and under the guidance of an experienced tour guide you can get closer to these animals with the required respect.

Polar bears and polar wolves roam Canada’s north

The proportion of Canada’s natural landscape in the wilderness areas of the world is about twenty percent, the Antarctic is not considered. This and Canada’s environmental efforts allow many endangered species to live a life of freedom. In the north, Canada borders the Arctic Ocean, so there are polar bears in the wild in this area. The polar region is adjoined by a sprawling landscape similar to that of the tundra (the second largest after Russia). Here live the cold-resistant musk oxen, polar wolves, polar foxes and polar hares. An approximately 6000 km long section consists of homogeneous coniferous forest. Thus, Canada has the largest forest area on earth with conifers such as firs, wheat pines, spruces, Douglas firs. Among them is the Engelmann spruce, which can grow up to sixty meters high. Many migratory birds like Alke, Terns, and seagulls have their summer transitional area in the Canadian coniferous forest on their East Atlantic flight. Moose, foxes, and porcupines also feel at home in the dark conifer forests.

Vancouver Island – Playground of whales and grizzly bears

In the Knight Inlet Fjord in the archipelago of the Canadian west coast, you can see giant brown bears, the Grizzlies, in May and September. After hibernating, they move with their young to the lush green shores of the Pacific. In September, the salmon swarms between Vancouver Island and the Canadian mainland attract killer whales, as well as sea lions and dolphins. Even the Grizzly bears, the rulers of the Canadian wilderness, can not make the nutritious treat before winter hibernation. Then the beautiful bald eagles want their share of the salmon stock. On Vancouver Island, there are “indoor rainforests” where exotic butterflies can be admired. The islands off the Pacific coast are a paradise for herons, hawks, and owls.

The mild Pacific coast and Canada’s west – tropical vegetation and whale territory

In the warm, rainy areas of the west coast of Canada has formed a kind of tropical forest in which ferns and the mighty Cedar trees (English Western Red Cedar) thrive. The Indians call these evergreen trees “Great Tree of Life,” as they can live for more than a thousand years and reach up to fifty meters in circumference. In this rainforest is also the rare Marmelalk native, a seabird, which can breed only in old trees. In the bays of the Canadian Pacific coast is the habitat of giant killer whales, also known as orcas. The more northerly regions in the Cariboo Mountains are the refuge of the imposing mountain grizzlies. Unfortunately, the Rocky Mountains also offer fewer and fewer retreats for the Grizzly Bears (industry, raw material extraction). Further south, The forests of the warmer region host up to 5 million birds of various species, including the American Gray Heron and the Canadian Goose. To protect nature, numerous national parks and nature reserves have been created in Canada. In Buffalo Wood National Park, the almost extinct bison has found a home. 

In eastern Canada – in the footsteps of moose and black bears

In a high plateau landscape reminiscent of the Nordic tundra live moose and bears. At Duchesnay Resort, black bears can be seen on a viewing platform from a safe distance. But also in the west of Canada, in the area around Toby Creek in British Columbia, one finds black bears. Mixed forests, consisting of eg oaks, elms, firs, and maples, cluster around the Great Lakes. In the animal kingdom are also very small insects, the mosquitoes should not be underestimated, which can be a plague in summer in the Great Lakes. In the southwest of Ontario, one meets partly on a forest with only deciduous trees. The leaves of the sugar maple in the provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, which produces the golden-red glowing Indian Summer, are especially beautiful in autumn.

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